What is a Claim? Claim[kleym]noun1.An insurance Claim is a policyholder’s request to an insurance company for restitution based on the terms of the insurance Policy. The insurance company, through an Adjuster, investigates the validity of the Claim and pays the policyholder. Share | Have A Question About This Topic? Address Thank you! Oops! Related Contents If a Tree Falls Do you know what to do if a tree falls on you house, damaging your roof? Dog Bites Neighbor. Now What? Even dogs have bad days. So, what happens when your dog bites a neighbor or passing pedestrian? Protecting Those Who Matter Most The importance of life insurance, how it works, and how much coverage you need.